Our aquarium which features three small tanks, two large tanks and a fully-working waterfall-pool allows visitors to witness first hand many of the types of wildlife that call the waters and the banks of the Miramichi their home. Although the contents vary from time to time, the aquarium currently features salmon parr, salmon fry, frogs, river and speckled trout, a salamander, and turtles.
The Miramichi river, approximately 250 km long, has the largest salmon run in North Eastern America and brings in up to 20% of all North American returns every year. Archeological excavations along the river revealed a number of fishing villages and camps dating back 3, 000 years ago and in the early 1900’s the commercial salmon fishing industry was thriving on the river.
Today, with declining salmon populations, the focus has shifted toward the conservation of Atlantic salmon; however, the Miramichi River remains world famous for sport fishing, attracting thousands of fishermen every season.
- Atlantic Salmon are one of the 60 Anadromous (able to live in both fresh and salt water) fish of 22000 species of bony fish.
- Atlantic Salmon can jump up to 12-14 feet in the air.
- Atlantic Salmon have “pin-like” teeth when at sea, which they lose when they return to the River and are replaced by triangular teeth.
- The tail of an Atlantic Salmon elongates when they move from fresh water to salt water.
- Salmon return to the place of their birth to spawn by using their sense of smell, magnetic fields and changes in pressure to find their way home. Pressure changes are detected by the lateral lines of scales.
- Atlantic Salmon can detect one drop of scent in an area the sixe of 10 Olympic swimming pools.
- A female Atlantic Salmon will lay approximately 1500 – 1600 eggs per kg of her weight when she spawns.
- Of 7500 eggs, approximately 1.1 Atlantic Salmon will survive to return to spawn.
- Atlantic Salmon can go for up to 22 months without eating.
- Atlantic Salmon can live for up to 15 years of age.
- Atlantic Salmon can reach swimming speeds of up to 30km/h.
- When in freshwater, Atlantic Salmon are most sensitive to yellow and green colors, then when swiching to saltwater, their eyes change and they become more sensitive to blue.
- Atlantic Salmon vary slightly in size and shape according to the brook or river system they originate from.
- The rings on the Atlantic Salmon’s scales tell the story of their age; sections of rapid growth can be shown by wide spaces between the lines, sections of slow growth can be shown by thin spaces.
- DNA from the scales of the Atlantic Salmon can tell where they were born.
- Celtic Lore holds the Atlantic Salmon as the symbol of secret knowledge.
- Some historians believe that Julius Caesar was said to give the Salmon their original name, which was, “Salmo Salar”, meaning the leaper!
- The biggest Atlantic Salmon hooked to date was 103 pounds and was caught ina net off the coast of Ireland.
- Some Atlantic Salmon never go to sea; instead they inhabit lakes and river systems bordering the North Atlantic.
- Atlantic Salmon lay their eggs in “redds”.
- The Atlantic Salmon is one of only 87 fish species that migrate between fresh water and the ocean.
- Unlike Pacific Salmon that die after they spawn, wild Atlantic Salmon survive and can repeat their migration cycle and spawn again.
- For every million Atlantic Salmon eggs spawned, one albino fish will be will be produced.
- Although many runs of salmon are extinct or reduced, Atlantic Salmon can still be found in the rivers of Ireland, the United Kingdom, Canada, the Faroe Islands, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia, France, Spain and the United States.
- Atlantic Salmon are known as the “King of Fish”!